7 Key Points To Know About Our Beloved His Majesty 5Th King Of Bhutan
There are lots of points to know about Our Beloved His Majesty 5Th King Of Bhutan but we have chosen the best 7 key points which every single Bhutanese and World should know and remember.
Our Beloved His Majesty The 5Th King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (འཇིགས་མེད་གེ་སར་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཕྱུག་, born 21 February 1980) is the Druk Gyalpo or “Dragon King” of the Kingdom Of Bhutan After his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Beloved His Majesty The 4Th King Of Bhutan) abdicated the throne in his favour, he became the monarch on 9 December 2006. A public coronation ceremony was held on 6 November 2008, a year that marked 100 years of monarchy in Bhutan.
- Early Life & Education
Our Beloved His Majesty The 5Th is the eldest son of Our Beloved His Majesty the fourth Dragon King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, and his third wife, Queen Ashi Tshering Yangdon. He has a younger sister, Princess Ashi Dechen Yangzom, and brother, Prince Gyaltshab Jigme Dorji, as well as four half-sisters and three half-brothers.
After completing his higher secondary studies at Yangchenphug High School, Khesar studied abroad at Phillips Academy Andover with the Class of 1998, then transferred to Cushing Academy, where he finished high school. He then attended Wheaton College before graduating from Magdalen College, University Of Oxford, where he completed the Foreign Service Programme and International Relations.
- Crown Prince
The Crown Prince, popularly known to the people of Bhutan as ‘Dasho Khesar’, accompanied his father on his many tours throughout the Kingdom to meet and speak to the people. He also officially represented Bhutan on several international events. On 8 May 2002, he represented Bhutan at the 27TH UN General Assembly and made his first speech to the United Nations, addressing issues related to the welfare of millions of children around the world. He attended Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s 60TH Anniversary Celebrations on 12–13 June 2006 in Bangkok along with royals from 25 countries. The youngest of the visiting royals, the 26-year-old prince caused a sensation, giving rise to a legion of female fans in Thailand. The Thai press dubbed him “Prince Charming,” publishing his photograph and running stories about him as well as Bhutan for several weeks after the event.
On 25 June 2002 the Crown Prince was awarded the Red Scarf by his father.
- Trongsa Penlop
On 31 October 2004, Our Beloved His Majesty The 5TH was installed as the 16th Trongsa Penlop in Trongsa Dzong. The institution of the Trongsa Penlop, started by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1647, signifies the true heritage to the Bhutanese Throne and the investiture ceremony of the Trongsa Penlop is the formal declaration of this status of the Crown Prince.
As he opened the session of parliament on Friday, 20 May 2011, the King announced his engagement to Our Beloved Her Majesty The Queen Jetsun Pema, born in Thimphu on 4 June 1990. They were married on 13 October 2011 in Punakha Dzong. The wedding was Bhutan’s largest media event ever. The ceremony was held in Punakha, followed by formal visits to different parts of the country. During the ceremony the King also received the Crown of the Druk Gyaltsuen (Queen) from the most sacred Machhen temple of the Dzong and bestowed it on Jetsun Pema, formally proclaiming her Queen of the Kingdom of Bhutan. The wedding was held in traditional style with the “blessings of the guardian deities”.
On 11 November 2015, it was announced that the King and Queen of Bhutan were expecting their first child, a son, early in 2016. They announced the arrival of their son, who was born in Lingkana Palace in Thimphu, on 5 February 2016.
On 17 December 2019, it was reported that the King and Queen are expecting their second child in Spring 2020.
5. As King
One of the most important and ongoing works of the King involves Kidu, a tradition based on the rule of a Dharma King whose sacred duty is to care for his people. The people can access Kidu in several ways: by applying to the Office of the Royal Chamberlain, which accepts applications during working hours; by sending applications through Dzongkhag Kidu Officers in every district, whose responsibility is to collect such applications as well as identify people who need help; and by appealing to the King directly. To give the people the opportunity for direct appeal, the King on his numerous road trips across the country stops for every potential appellant along the road.
There are several Kidu schemes designed to help certain groups of people, such as students unable to afford even the free education available in the country, elderly citizens, and those requiring medical treatment. The King has also continued the tradition of giving state land to landless farmers around the country. The ongoing project takes him to remote villages and communities. Kidu includes providing immediate assistance to victims of natural disasters. The King personally supervised the rebuilding efforts following major earthquakes and floods in 2009 and 2011.
In 2012, the King granted (Ngultrum Currency of Bhutan) Nu. 100 million from the Armed Forces to the Zhung Dratshang for the Dzong Reconstruction Fund, as on 24 June, the historic Wangduephodrang Dzong was destroyed by fire. As Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, he commanded the armed forces and De-Suups to the site immediately, and with help from dzongkhag officials and citizens, many things were saved from the fire. The King himself rushed to the scene within hours.
On March, 2020 His Majesty The King has most graciously granted Kidu and waived off the interest on the loan for those who went to Japan on the Learn and Earn Programme. The Government will be paying the interest on the loans to BDBL (Bhutan Development Bank Limited) and RICBL (Royal Insurance Corporation Limited) on behalf of the youth under the LEP in Japan. His Majesty has also granted special Kidu to 3 youths (2 who expired and 1 who is under life support) under the LEP in Japan and waived off the entire loan including interest. The loan accounts of the 3 youths will be considered closed as of March 15, 2020.
B. DeSuung Training Programme
The King initiated military-style training for volunteers known as the DeSuung Training Programme in 2011, on the request of the youth. The programme aims to equip volunteers with the skill to provide assistance during emergencies, and has been hugely successful, with over 3000 volunteers having completed their training and volunteering for public events and emergencies.
The Constitution Of Bhutan empowers the King to grant amnesty to prisoners. In 2014 he pardoned 45 prisoners who had been imprisoned for possessing an excessive amount of tobacco, following an amendment of the Tobacco Control Act Of Bhutan 2010 by the Parliament Of Bhutan, since the amended law could not be enforced retroactively, and previous offenders who would not be liable now would still be tried under previous laws. The Royal Pardon was granted to those who were not repeat offenders and had good prison records.
6. Public Perception & Popularity Abroad
The “People’s King”, like his father, enjoys exceptionally warm relations with India. He has visited India on several occasions, and was invited as the Chief Guest for India’s 64th Republic Day celebrations in 2013.
Following his 2006 visit to Thailand as Crown Prince, the King has been immensely popular in Thailand. The number of Thai tourists visiting Bhutan has increased steadily since the visit.
In November 2011, the King and Queen Jetsun Pema made a state visit to Japan; they were the first state guests to Japan since the 2011 earthquake. It was reported that the Japanese were infatuated with the King and Queen of Bhutan.
In March 2015, the King and Queen were among the foreign dignitaries who attended the funeral of Singpore’s former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.
Also, the King and the Queen attended the funeral of King Bhumibol Adulyadej Of Thailand in October 2017 and the enthronement ceremony of Emperor Naruhito and Empress Masako Of Japan in October 2019.
7. His Majesty’s Quote To His People
A. His Majesty Speaks On Bhutan’s Future (11 April 2007)
All that our country has achieved are the accomplishments of our parents – not ours. Our work lies ahead of us – what we have to do has not been done before… People say that Bhutan is a small country. Yes, its true, but our size is our greatest strength… Some say we are a country landlocked between two giant neighbours – yes we all know that being landlocked has its disadvantages but in building a strong economy our geopolitical location is going to be our biggest advantage. Within a few decades India and China are expected to dominate the world economy. So, in the context of opportunities we are definitely not landlocked – I think we have the world at our doorstep!
B. Addressing the graduates of Sherubtse College in Kanglung (11 April 2007)
Bhutan is a nation full of promise and potential. We have the security and confidence of our own culture and traditions, an unspoiled environment and most importantly, a young population full of dynamism and promise. My message to you, the young leaders of Bhutan is – we have everything it takes to build a strong economy and safeguard everything we cherish – but on one condition – that we start today – with big ambitions, and we work hard.
Styles Of King Of Bhutan
- Reference Style: His Majesty
- Spoken Style: Your Majesty
- Alternative Style: Druk Gyalpo